Is it Possible to Recover Data from a Corrupted File on a Hard Disk?

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Anish Kumar

Posted on
October 20, 2023


File corruption refers to a situation where a file becomes damaged due to various causes, with some of the most common ones being hardware issues, power surges, and malware attacks. This can leave you unable to access the data stored in that particular file. Author Divya Jain View all posts

When it comes to storing and retrieving data on a hard disk, file corruption is a common issue that many of us encounter. The corruption of important data can be extremely stressful. However, there’s no need to panic because there are various solutions available for recovering corrupted files from hard disks.

The effectiveness of these solutions depends on the extent of file corruption and the underlying causes, such as sudden operating system shutdowns, internet issues, malware attacks, bad sectors, or system errors.

In this article, we will analyze why our files get corrupted, how we can prevent it, and how we can recover data from corrupted files. To begin, let’s establish a clear understanding of what file corruption is.

Hard Drive Data Recovery

What is File Corruption?

File corruption refers to a situation where a file becomes damaged due to various causes, with some of the most common ones being hardware issues, power surges, and malware attacks. This can leave you unable to access the data stored in that particular file.

Why do Files Get Corrupted?

There can be many causes of file corruption, but the most common are the following, which are mostly responsible for data corruption or file corruption:

Physical Damage: Physical damage to the hard disk, such as scratches, shocks, or wear and tear, can disrupt the magnetic encoding of data, leading to corruption.

Bad Sectors: Hard disks can develop bad sectors over time where data cannot be easily stored or retrieved. Files stored in these sectors may become corrupted.

Power Failures: Sudden power outages or improper shutdowns can interrupt the writing process, causing files to be partially written and corrupted.

Virus and Malware Attack: A malicious virus or malware attack can result in corruption or loss of data integrity.

Issues with the File System: Problems with the file system structure, such as directory or index errors, can make it difficult to locate and access files correctly.

Overheating: Excessive heat in a computer’s environment or within the hard disk itself can lead to data corruption over time.

Incomplete Write Process: If a write operation to the disk is interrupted before it completes, the affected file may become corrupted.

Hastily Work: Accidental deletion, formatting, or mishandling of files can lead to corruption or loss.

How Do You Recover Corrupt Data?

There are many ways to recover corrupted files, such as: Recovering corrupted files can be challenging, but there are several methods and tools available to help you retrieve your data. Here are some ways to recover corrupted files:

1. Restore from Backup:

If you have a backup of the corrupted files, you can simply restore them from your backup sources, such as an external hard drive, cloud storage, or a dedicated backup service.

2. Check for cloud backups:

If you’ve stored your files in a cloud service (e.g., Google Drive, Dropbox), check if there are previous versions or a trash or recycling bin where you can recover deleted or modified files.

3. Use a Different Device:

If the corrupted files are on an external storage device (external hard disk), try accessing the files on a different computer or device to see if they open without issues.

4. SFC (System File Checker):

On Windows, run the System File Checker (SFC) to repair corrupted system files that may be causing issues. Use the “sfc /scannow” command in the Command Prompt.

5. CHKDSK (Check Disk):

On Windows If the SFC does not work, then try the CHKDSK utility to scan and repair issues with the file system and recover corrupted files. Use the “chkdsk” command with appropriate parameters in the Command Prompt.

6. DIY Data Recovery Software:

Utilize specialized data recovery software. These tools can often recover files from damaged or deleted partitions. However, if you don’t know the reason for the data loss, it is advisable not to attempt SFC, CHKDSK, or any data recovery software, as it may lead to permanent data loss or data overwriting.

7. Data Recovery Services:

If the data is important and you can’t recover it using software, consider professional data recovery services like Techchef Data Recovery. They have specialized equipment and expertise to recover data from severely damaged storage media.

How To Prevent File Corruption

Preventing file corruption is essential for maintaining the integrity and accessibility of your data. Here are some best practices and strategies that help reduce the risk of data corruption and minimize the chance of data loss:
Regularly back up your data.
Ensure a stable power supply with UPS.
Properly shut down your computer.
Use surge protectors.
Keep the software and OS updated.
Don’t Fill the Hard Disk space completely.
Use reputable antivirus software.
Handle storage devices carefully.
Practice safe data transfer.
Periodically scan for disk errors.


Is it possible to recover data from a corrupted file on a hard disk? Yes, it is often possible, thanks to Techchef Data Recovery’s professional services. However, the success of recovery depends on the extent of the corruption and the measures taken to prevent data loss. To safeguard your data, prioritize regular backups and consider professional help when facing severe data corruption issues.

If your hard disk data gets corrupted and you don’t understand what to do, contact us at – and share your queries with our professionals, who will give you a perfect solution according to your needs.


1. Is recovery possible for all types of file corruption?
While not all cases are guaranteed success, professional data recovery services like Techchef have a high success rate in recovering data from various types of file corruption, including accidental deletions, formatting errors, bad sectors, and more. Our experienced technicians use advanced techniques and tools to maximize chances of successful data recovery.

2. Is it too expensive?
Techchef offers competitive pricing options, and our commitment to data recovery is driven by our understanding of the emotional and financial value of your data. We provide transparent pricing structures, ensuring you know what to expect upfront.

3. Is data privacy protected?
Techchef takes data privacy seriously. We have strict security protocols and data protection measures in place to safeguard your information. Our technicians are bound by confidentiality agreements, and your data is only accessed for recovery, never for any other purpose.

4. What if my drive is physically damaged?
Even in cases of physical damage, our experts have the skills and tools necessary to recover data. Whether it’s a damaged read/write head, platter damage, or other mechanical issues, we have the expertise to diagnose and solve these problems.

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